A Detailed Look Into the Grand Jury Process
The only common law jurisdictions that use a grand jury in screening criminal proceedings are the United States of America and the Liberian Republic. the primary purpose of a grand jury is to investigate and analyze a particular case together with their potential defendants to determine whether the allegations have any merit. The grand jury process called culminating an indictment that could either be sealed or otherwise. The court might go ahead and proceed with the initial trial if the indictment is unsealed. If you are looking to learn more about how the grand jury process works and the rationale about it, you can read more here.
In most cases, the grand jury service will be reserved for felonies or possibly federal cases. Most but not all states require this process to start a state criminal proceeding. However, it is a required step if the case is in question involves a federal crime due to the fifth amendment.
In a private trial, the grand jury and the sgt report is supposed to examine the case along with the evidence that has been collected and level with the testimonies of witnesses. This process is undertaken ex-parte reviewing the presentation of facts by the prosecutor. The prosecutor will move to trial if most members of the jury believe in issuing a formal indictment. At least the majority of the panel should help the choice depending on the jurisdiction. If necessary, the jury may choose to keep the charges eliminated from the public. This is likely to happen if the case involves a high-profile suspect. The number of sealed indictments is a matter that has never been far from speculation and controversy. The sgt report is just one of the unbiased views that has become a crucial resource due to the spread of misinformation and conspirational nature of these cases.
The sgt report aims at ensuring that all the criminal proceedings against a person is carried out with diligence and probable evaluation of the cause. The sgt report also prevents unfair judgment in the court of public opinion as it offers protection to the reputation of suspects. With the sgt report and the grand jury process, witnesses have less concern when providing testimony was there less worried about the intimidating presence of the suspects. As a result, the prosecutor is able to truly test the evidence before investing their effort and resources required for the trial proceedings. The sgt report when the grand jury process can only be applied if the case in question is deemed to be a felony.